This month I caught up with Lance Spitzner, Director of SANS Securing The Human. Lance has over 20 years of security experience in cyber threat research, awareness and training. He invented the concept of honeynets, founded the Honeynet Project and has published three security books. Lance has worked and consulted in over 25 countries and helped more than 350 organizations plan, maintain…Details
This month I caught up with Bernadette Palmer, Head of Head of Communications at The Security Company (International) which is a UK based security awareness agency. Bernadette has more than 18 years experience in communications focusing on behavioural change. How much do you think it has helped you in the security awareness field to have…Details
I’m always genuinely excited to find someone doing something new in the field of security awareness. This month I caught up with Sarah Janes, Managing Director at Layer 8 Ltd. Sarah started her career running security awareness at British Telecom (BT) and has delivered award winning behavioural change programmes to FTSE 100 companies. Her team…Details
I’ve studied it for years, I’ve delivered it and I’ve even sat through it but I’m still not really sure what “it” is.
We talk about raising “security awareness” but what does that actually mean? The dictionary definitions I’ve seen commonly refer to awareness as a state of knowledge about risk. Thousands of articles and books have been written on increasing security awareness but very little time has been spent trying to define it.
The ISF Standard of Good Practice defines security awareness as “the extent to which staff understand the importance of information security, the level of security required by the organisation and their individual security responsibilities.” This seems like a reasonable definition but note that there is no behavioural component. People can (and do!) continue with unsafe behaviour despite their knowledge of the risks. Empirical evidence from outside of information security tells us that just knowing about a risk isn’t enough. Consider smokers and people who drive without using a seat belt. They’re surely all “aware” of the risks but somehow their behaviour continues.Details
Recently I co-authored a paper “Death by a Thousand Facts” with David Lacey for the HAISA conference where we explored the nature of how technical experts choose what content is included in risk communications. A copy of the proceedings is available here. Basically, mainstream information security awareness techniques are failing to evolve at the same…Details
Other than educational initiatives for schools, governments haven’t traditionally run large scale security awareness campaigns directly to the public. This has changed the United Kingdom with the introduction of the CyberStreetWise Campaign. CyberStreetWise is a cross-government campaign funded by the National Cyber Security Programme using the agency M&C Saatchi. The website features interactive security advice…Details
Should we try to reason with criminals? Is the threat of punishment the only influence that criminals will respond to? What should we do when we suspect people are taking data with them when they leave a company, leaking to the competition or stealing equipment from the office but can’t prove it? As well as…Details
I had a very strange encounter with a PCI auditor recently. On viewing my client’s security awareness portfolio he refused to sign it off as meeting PCI requirements because it didn’t cover ‘everything’. It got me thinking. There are two schools of thought when it comes to communicating risk. The first is the comprehensive approach where all the facts are presented. As part of this mindset, most organisations require their staff to read and agree to a security policy which is usually long and written in formal, contractual language. The majority of employees probably only skim their security policies and even if they did read them in full, would they understand them? Information security can be difficult to understand at the best of times without adding the additional complexity of overly formal and legalese phrasing. The Paretto Principle, or 80/20 rule, suggests that only a small percentage of content really matters but comprehensive approach usually means hiding itDetails
Are humans rational? When we see computer users to silly things which place themselves or their information at risk its easy to take a view that people are illogical. The problem is that logic can’t be examined separately from perception.
There is significant debate within psychology literature as to the extent to which humans can be described as rational. Rationality is sometimes described as the ability for individuals to select the “best” option when confronted with a set of choices. The best option is also referred to as a “value maximising” option when the most benefit is obtained for the least expenditure of resources or exposure to risk.
The problem is that people routinely fail to select a “value maximising” option and exhibit apparently illogical behaviour. Commonly, an option mathematically modelled as the best choice by the technical experts isn’t the choice chosen by information system users when responding to risk.Details
There’s great news in the quest for improving security awareness. Help is at hand from a new joint publication from the Research Institute in Science of Cyber Security (RISCS), Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) and CESG – the UK government’s National Technical Authority for Information Assurance. Awareness Is Only The First Step is a superb précis of best…Details